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The major difference between the Puritans and the Separatists was that the Separatists were more extreme than the Puritans. Some people would say that Separatists were one wing of the Puritan faith while others would say that they were a separate group.
The Puritans were Protestants who believed that the modern church had strayed too far from its biblical roots. They felt that the Roman Catholic Church had been particularly bad in this way, but they also felt that the Church of England (Anglican Church) had retained too many of the characteristics of Catholicism. They wanted to go back to what they saw as a “pure” biblical Christianity. They did not want, for example, the hierarchy and the ceremony of the Anglican Church.
However, the Puritans were not radical enough to want to split away from the Church of England. They wanted to reform it from within. By contrast, the Separatists (as their name implies) did want to form a separate church. They felt that the Church of England was too far gone and that it was not possible to save it.
Thus, Puritans were less radical than Separatists because Separatists wanted to completely break away from the Church of England.
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