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What is the difference between photosynthesis and respiration?
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- Photosynthesis occurs only in plants while respiration in all living things.
- Photosynthesis occurs in presence of sun light whereas respiration always and require no light but air.
- In Photosynthesis solar energy is converted into chemical energy and in respiration chemical energy is converted into heat energy.
- photosynthesis:the process in which carbon dioxide and water react in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll(present in the leaves of plants) to form glucose is called the photosynthesis.oxygen and water are released in this process as bi_products.this process takes place in plants only in daytime as it needs sunlight.reaction is as follows: 6CO2 + 12H2O-----> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O where C6H12O6 is the glucose.
- respiration:the process in which breakdown of organic material(GLUCOSE) takes place in the presence of oxygen to give carbon dioxide and water is called the respiration.energy is also released in this process.it takes place in plants both in day and at night because it doesnt need sunlight.reaction is as follows: C6H12O6 + 6O2 -----> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ENERGY .
High School Teacher
The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. They do share one big similarity and that is that the process of photosynthesis is actually the same process only it is completed in reverse.
Photosynthesis is Carbon Dioxide and Water that, through the process, yield Glucose and Oxygen.
Respiration is Glucose and Oxygen that, through the process of respiration, yield Carbon Dioxide and Water.
The two work well together because living organisms supply plants and some bacteria with the carbon dioxide needed to undergo photosynthesis, and plants and some bacteria give off oxygen which living organisms need to breathe or respire.
Posted by clane on April 7, 2008 at 10:44 AM (Answer #1)
Photosynthesis: is a biological process in which green plant cells(mainly) form their food in presence of light, and during this process oxygen gas is evolved.this is reduction reaction.
Respiration: is a biological process in which living organism inhale(take) oxygen from atmosphere and in cell this oxygen is used for oxidation of food to produce energy,carbon di oxide is evolved through this mechanism.
Photosynthesis takes place primarily in plant leaves, and little to none occurs in stems, etc. The parts of a typical leaf include the upper and lower epidermis, the mesophyll, the vascular bundle(s) (veins), and the stomates. The upper and lower epidermal cells do not have chloroplasts, thus photosynthesis does not occur there. They serve primarily as protection for the rest of the leaf. The stomates are holes which occur primarily in the lower epidermis and are for air exchange: they let CO2 in and O2 out. The vascular bundles or veins in a leaf are part of the plant's transportation system, moving water and nutrients around the plant as needed. The mesophyll cells have chloroplasts and this is where photosynthesis occurs .The overall chemical reaction involved in photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + 6H2O (+ light energy) C6H12O6 + 6O2. This is the source of the O2 we breathe, and thus, a significant factor in the concerns about deforestation.
Posted by psk on June 2, 2008 at 8:36 PM (Answer #2)
This question deserves several "answers" aimed at different levels.
For elementary-school students, it is important to know that photosynthesis is how green plant cells trap sunlight to make sugar, and respiration is how all plant cells (and most other cells) break sugar down to release and use that stored energy.
At the high school level, we can add the understanding that all cells break down fuel molecules but only certain cells can use sun energy to create fuel molecules. Also, although the summary equations are sort of "the reverse of each other", the processes are not just "the same but completed in reverse", but involve enzymes and chemical reactions that are specific to the process of either photosynthesis or respiration.
In terms of ecological implications of deforestation as they relate to photosynthesis, it is not the lack of oxygen production that concerns us, because marine algae release much more oxygen per year than trees do. Our concern is that a lot of carbon, stored in wood, is released as carbon dioxide when wood is burned, adding to the impact of "greenhouse gases" on global average temperature.
Posted by mvball on September 7, 2008 at 4:13 PM (Answer #3)
The differences between photosynthesis and respiration are :
Photosynthesis produces food Respiration breaks down food
In photosynthesis carbon dioxide In respiration glucose is broke down into
combines with water to produce glucose carbon dioxide and water
Photosynthesis absorbs sun’s energy Respiration releases energy trapped in food or
Photosynthesis takes place in the presence No catalyst is needed for respiration
of a catalyst chlorophyll
CO2 is absorbed in photosynthesis CO2 is released in respiration
Oxygen is released in photosynthesis Oxygen is absorbed in respiration
Photosynthesis has to take place in sunlight Respiration does not need sunlight
Photosynthesis occurs only during daytime Respiration occurs at all times during the lifetime
of the living cell
Posted by jaykaran on August 1, 2009 at 5:20 PM (Answer #4)
Photosynthesis uses light energy to convert carbon dioxide into glucose. Oxygen is produced as a by product during photosynthesis.
Sugar and other carbohydrates are used as fuel by cells. During the process of Cellular Respiration, glucose is broken down using oxygen. This reaction releases energy which is used to create ATP molecules.
Posted by matthew0109 on November 12, 2011 at 12:48 PM (Answer #5)
Posted by swetank on November 15, 2011 at 5:44 AM (Answer #6)
photosynthesis only takes place in plants while respiration takes place in all living organisms for more difference points refer to the link i have given
Posted by beebzzz6 on November 16, 2011 at 2:34 PM (Answer #7)
High School Teacher
Cellular respiration is the careful enzymatic taking apart of glucose molecules. Some of the energy trapped in the bonds of this sugar molecule is captured and stored in the bonds of ATP molecules. The destruction of one glucose molecule results in the construction of 36 ATP molecules. The energy not captured in ATP is lost to the surroundings as heat. The ATP formed is used by cells for processes such as growth.
Photosynthesis is the plant process where light energy is used to generate the production of ATP. The ATP so formed is used to form the bonds between carbon dioxide molecules and hydrogen atoms released from water by the light energy. The process forms sugar (glucose) molecules and produces oxygen as a waste product. At a glance, the equations: sugar + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + water + ATP energy (cellular respiration) and carbon dioxide + water + sun's energy --> sugar + oxygen (photosynthesis) look to be the reverse of each other. In fact they are both very complex and dissimilar processes.
Posted by chaslcoleman on November 21, 2011 at 3:58 AM (Answer #8)
Photosynthesis is a process by which plants use light from the sun to make food. After the photosynthesis happens, then the cells in the plant use cellular respiration to turn this food into energy that the plant can actually use. Photosynthesis happens before respiration can.
Both involve a type of organelle inside the cells, but photosynthesis takes place inside the chloroplasts, which contain chlorophyll. Cellular respiration takes place inside the mitochondria, which are the organelles that are able to break down glucose.In photosynthesis, the energy that is used comes from sunlight, which is converted into energy. In cellular respiration, the energy is taken from glucose and then transferred to ATP, also known as adenosine triphosphate or derived energy, for the organism to use. Determine what part energy plays in both processes. Photosynthesis needs energy from the light in order to start the whole process. But in cellular respiration, energy is produced from the glucose that results in photosynthesis. In other words, photosynthesis needs energy to make glucose, while cellular respiration uses this glucose to actually create energy. In scientific equations, photosynthesis takes carbon dioxide from the air, water and sunlight to create sugar. After this happens, oxygen is released back into the air. Cellular respiration takes these same sugars and combines them with oxygen to release the energy as ATP. Carbon dioxide and water are released due to this.
Posted by rock-star790 on November 21, 2011 at 8:45 AM (Answer #9)
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Posted by senioreeto on November 22, 2011 at 8:43 PM (Answer #10)
Ultimately, the energy in organic molecules comes from the sun. Energy enters an ecosystem in the form of sunlight and exists as heat. Photosynthesis generates organic molecules and oxygen used by the mitochondria of eukaryotes for the process of cellular respiration. Respiration breaks this feul down, which generates ATP. The waste products of repsiration, carbon dioxide and water, are the raw materials needed for photosynthesis.
Posted by gelsaied on September 22, 2013 at 4:05 AM (Answer #11)
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