What is the difference between management and administration?
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Management and Administration may be used interchangably but the truth is they differ in practice.
An administrator is one who makes policies for the company. His job is more of thinking.
A manager's job is to make sure these policies are followed strictly.
The Administrator thinks of what is to be done while the manager thinks of who will do it and how he would do it.
The fact still remains that in practice they might not seperated literilly. They are all referred to as management.
Top Management are Administrators who do more of the thinking and poliy making while Low Level Management are refered to as Managers who enforce these polices and carryout job distribution.
Administration refers to the determination of major aims and policies.
Management is concerned with the carrying out the operations designed to accomplish the aims.
- Determination of Objectives
- Thinking and determinative functions.
- Take major decisions about over enterprise.
- Planning and organizing functions involved.
- It coordinate finance, production and distribution
- Plans and actions
- Doing and executive function
- Takes decisions within the framework set by the admin.
- Motivating and controlling functions also involved.
- It uses organization for the achievement of the targets fixed by administration.
There are differences between management and administration, but sometimes we refer to "manager" and "administrators" interchangeably. Strictly speaking, management involves the making of decisions to promote the goals of an entity, while administration involves seeing to it that the management decisions are carried out. Here are a few example to demonstrate the difference:
A manager decides to impose a sales quota on the company's sales force. The administrator is responsible for seeing to it that the quota is met through the maintenance of records.
A manager decides that there will be a "no tolerance" policy for tardiness. It will be up to the administrator to monitor the compliance of the policy through observation or through the review of records.
So, the general idea is that an administrator is not a primary policy or decision-maker, while a manager is. An administrator might make some decisions to implement the manager's policy's and decisions, but his or her authority is limited.
Administration:it is concerned about the determination of objective and major policies.
Management:it puts into action the polices and plans laid down by administration.
Management is always taking decision while administration implement that decision.
Management enforces and makes decisions based on policies set by Administration.
Management reports to Administration, and Administration can also enforrce and make decisions on set policies, but this small-scale operation is not usually conducted by them
Administration makes big-time decisions, while management makes decisons on a smaller scale, although administration can do so also.
Management involves decision making and control over the staff.
AS administration is over management it is the central department it involves hiring managers and dismissing them ,managers follow instructions and goals set by administration
As pointed out in previous answer, the terms management and administration may be used interchangeably, but as per current usage in management profession, that is more a case of inappropriate usage of these term rather than the terms having the same meaning.
Management is a term appropriate for all activities undertaken to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of any kind of work. In contrast the word administration is used primarily for work concerned with maintaining discipline and order. Thus the work of government and many other public institutions is called administration. Even in business the activities that are primarily concerned with routines to maintain equity and discipline are labeled as administration function. Thus functions such as maintaining and operating facilities along with associated operations like attendance recording are usually called office administration. Also in matrix organizations this a concept of managerial responsibility. Thus a subordinate is reports to functional manager for functional supervision and guidance, while to project manager for administrative supervision.
Thus we may say that the administration forms to part management function. All that is administration is also management. But all that is management is not administration. Administration is a subset of management.
I believe that assertion made in previous post about difference between manager and administrator on the basis of responsibility for taking versus implementing decisions are not in line with common management practice or literature.
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