What is the difference between an interrogation and an interview in the context of police investigations?
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The basic difference here is that an interview is typically a less formal and accusatory conversation whose main point is to elicit information whereas an interrogation is formal and is mainly designed to get a suspect to confess.
An interview is generally an interaction between police officers and witnesses or victims in an investigation. There are times when a suspect will be interviewed as well. The point of the interview is simply to get more information. An interview is meant to find out what the witness saw. It can help to determine what information the witness knows, what other witnesses might be found, and other things that are of importance to the police. The same is true when interviewing a victim.
By contrast, an interrogation is an interaction between police officers and a suspect. Victims and witnesses are not interrogated. Interrogations generally take place in a situation in which the suspect is in custody. The officers are not primarily trying to get information. Instead, they are trying to get the suspect to confess. Therefore, police who are doing an interrogation may bluff or deceive the suspect. Their goal is to obtain a confession.
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