What Is The Difference Between An African Elephant And An Indian Elephant?
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The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the largest living land animal, weighing up to 8.25 tons (7,500 kilograms) and standing 10 to 13 feet (3 to 4 meters) at the shoulder. The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) weighs about 6 tons (5,500 kilograms) with a shoulder height of 10 feet (3 meters). Other differences are:
|African elephant||Indian elephant|
|Larger ears||Smaller ears|
|Gestation period of about 660 days||Gestation period of about 610 days|
|Ear tops turn backward||Ear tops turn forward|
|Concave back||Convex back|
|Three toenails on hind feet||Four toenails on hind feet|
|Larger tusks||Smaller tusks|
|Two finger-like lips at tips of trunk||One lip at tip of trunk|
Sources: Macdonald, David W., ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals, pp. 452-53; New Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th ed., vol. 4, pp. 441-42; Voelker, William. The Natural History of Living Mammals, pp. 239-40.
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