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At this conference, the Big Three had to decide what to do about Germany once it had been conquered. None of the Big Three wanted Germany to be strong again. So what they decided to do was to split Germany into four zones of occupation.
Each of these zones was going to be occupied and administered by one of the four (the French got in on this too) victorious Allied powers. In addition to dividing Germany as a whole, the city of Berlin was also to be divided. It was also divided into four zones even though it was completely within the Russian zone of occupation.
Yalta Conference is the name given to meetings of key Allied leaders - President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union - during World War II. Yalta, a famous Black Sea resort in Ukraine, on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula, along the Black Sea. The conference took place from February 4 to 11, 1945.
The agreements reached by the three leaders at the conference included the following:
- To accept the structure of a world peacekeeping organization. This ultimately resulted in formation of the United Nations
- To bring order in Europe after the war help the defeated countries establish democratic governments.
- To divide Germany into four zones to be occupied by Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and France.
- To support the Soviet-backed government and hold free elections in Poland.
- To extend the Soviet Union's territory into Poland.
- To force Germany to reimburse the Soviet Union by way of equipment and other resources to make up for Soviet losses.
Also Soviet Union agreed to join the war against Japan in return for control of some territories an strategic ports.
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