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The dental abscess occurs when either bacteria pass through an opening in the tooth enamel, infecting the pulp, or the tooth suffers a trauma, like chipping.
The infection causes the collection of pus and the swelling of the tissues around and within the tooth. The pus contains bacteria, white blood cells and dead tissues.
The symptoms of the abscess are the throbbing pain, which it cannot be stopped if the process of spreading of infection continues, fever, teeth sensitivity, swollen jaws and glands of the neck, breath odor.
The treatment of dental abscess is based on the identification of the cause of infection and it aims the cure of saving the tooth. The treatment routine usually involves antibiotics that fight against the bacteria that caused the infection. It may be useful to perform a root canal to save the tooth and if the infection becomes severe, the tooth can be extracted and the abscess drained through surgical intervention.
The prevention measures, such as early treatment of dental caries, can reduce the risk of dental abscess and its complications (blood infections, brain abscess, endocarditis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis) that sometimes can become life-threatening.
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