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What is defamiliarisation?

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pressy64 | College Teacher | eNotes Newbie

Posted June 27, 2010 at 11:47 AM via web

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What is defamiliarisation?

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kc4u | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted June 27, 2010 at 5:03 PM (Answer #1)

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'Defamiliarization' is a term used for the first time by the Russian Formalists in general and Victor Shklovsky in particular. In the formalistic emphasis on the structural emanation of meaning in a literary text especially the poem through the evocation of sounds, syntax and tropes, 'defamiliarization' refers to a literary process of alienating the language of poetry/literature from regular mass-speech and specializing it in differential terms. This would be in exact opposition with the Romantic linguistic project of bridging the gaps between regular speech and poetic speech/language.

This idea leads on to Bertolt Brecht's idea of the 'alienation effect' where the theatrical spectacle defamiliarizes itself from reality so as to evade the realistic fallacy of creating a theatre of illusions. In post-structuralism/deconstruction much later, when the entire accent shifts from similarity to alterity or difference, the formalist idea of defamiliarization is reinstated in a way, as it were. 

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peanut11188 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Honors

Posted June 27, 2010 at 12:32 PM (Answer #2)

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 the artistic technique of forcing the audience to see common things in an unfamiliar or strange way, in order to enhance perception of the familiar.

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