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I believe it is a reference to the Goddess Artemis, who was also sometimes called Cynthia. So, when Romeo says:
I'll say yon grey is not the morning's eye,
'Tis but the pale reflex of Cynthia's brow.
Nor that is not the lark, whose notes do beat
The vaulty heaven so high above our heads:
I have more care to stay than will to go:
He is expressing the fact that parting is so impossible that he will not even recognize common things such as morning and birds, but instead will see Goddesses, such is the power of love over reality.
Also of note is that Cynthia (Artemis) has been described as "both the virgin huntress and the maternal protectress of wild, young things", which you could describe Romeo and Juliet as. Shakespeare has used her name and image before in the Two Gentlemen From Verona.
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