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What are the culture achievements of Athens and Sparta?

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What are the culture achievements of Athens and Sparta?

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Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world and was a center of cultural achievement long before the birth of Christ. It has earned the nicknames "Cradle of Western Civilization" and the "Birthplace of Democracy." It was the site of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. One of the most renowned architectural structures of the ancient world, the Parthenon, still can be visited today; surviving examples of monuments and art can also be seen in modern Athens. The culture of ancient Athens had a great effect upon the later Roman Empire. Ancient Athenian philosophy was based on reason and exploration, and it still influences both modern philosophy and modern science. Homer, Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes were some of the greatest early writers, and Sappho was an influential poet. Mathematicians such as Euclid, Pythagoras and Archimedes were among the earliest analysts of their art. Athens also proved to be a hotbed of architecture, astronomy and art.   


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