What is the concept of language from TGG point of view ? TGG i.e Transformational Generative Grammar

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Lorraine Caplan | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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TGG is Noam Chomsky's theory of language. It posits that any language has a structure that can result in the transformation and generation of sentences by following a set of rules. Let's look at this sentence:

Cows eat grass.

According the transformative rules of English, we can transform this sentence in several ways. Here are some samples:

Grass is eaten by cows.

Don't cows eat grass?

Cows eat grass, don't they?

The cows are not eating grass.

Thus, we have transformed a three-word sentence. The generative part is about using the rules of grammar in a particular language to generate additional ideas. Let's look at the cows again:

Cows eat grass.

Here are some sentences that might be generated according the rules of English:

Cows eat grass in the meadow.

Cows eat grass by the stream in the meadow.

Cows eat grass, enjoying the taste.

Having just awakened, the cows go to the meadow and eat grass.

The cows of Farmer Brown eat grass.

Cows, which are singularly stupid animals, eat grass all day.

So you see, a simple three-word sentence can be transformed and generated in many different ways. Thinking about language in this way is often helpful in teaching composition and in helping ESOL students. There is a great deal more to Chomsky than this, and there are linguists who consider him to be wrong about many of his ideas. I hope this helps you. Good luck!

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mkcapen1 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Transformational Genetive Grammara theory developed by Noam Chomsky between 1950 and 1960. It is the idea that a sentence has two meanings within it. The two include a deep structure and a surface structure. The deep structure is the semantic relationships within the sentence and the surface structure follows the phonological form of the sentence. He believed that language did not have the same deep structure in all languages but rather languages had similarities of structure. In the 1990 Chomsky changed his theory to a new theory stating that the structures were no longer the only main components of a sentence. He suggested that sentence structure included Logical Form and Phonetic Form.

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