What is a characteristic of maternal nutrition and the development of abnormal metabolism? -Malnutrition during pregnancy leads to macrosomia and GI disturbances in the offspring -Insufficient...

What is a characteristic of maternal nutrition and the development of abnormal metabolism?

-Malnutrition during pregnancy leads to macrosomia and GI disturbances in the offspring

-Insufficient nutrient intake during pregnancy promotes hypertrophy of the kidneys and hypotension in adulthood

   
-Nutrition during pregnancy is the chief determinant of pancreatic beta cell growth and thus affects the risk for type 2 diabetes of the offspring
   
-Malnutrition during pregnancy programs the fetus to modify the genetic composition of the placenta and thereby alter nutrient delivery through the umbilical cord
   
 

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