What is cephalization?
What type of body symmetry is found in cephalized animals?
Explain the adaptive advantage of cephalization in animals.
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Cephalization is the development of a head on an organism's body. Organisms like Porifera or Cnidaria lack a head region. Cephalization is usually found in organisms that are bilaterally symmetrical. These include: the Vertebrates--fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. A head region is found in Invertebrates like the arthropods including insects, crustacea and arachnids, in Annelid worms and in Platyhelminthes. Having a head means that usually sense organs are located there and a brain can be found inside the head. This helps to improve an organism's response to stimuli and helps to coordinate and control the body processes.
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