What were the results of the Vietnam War?
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The immediate result of the Vietnam War was that the communists won and Vietnam was united as one country, run by the communists. In Vietnam, this led to a number of things. Notably, it led to the flight of over 1 million Vietnamese who wanted to escape the country. Many of these became the "boat people" who tried to reach various other countries. In addition, it led to economic difficulties in Vietnam that were exacerbated by conflicts with Cambodia and China.
The other notable results of the war were felt by the United States. The war did many things to the US. One of the most important things was that it helped to split American society between traditional patriots and the people who had been anti-war. Another important result was that it made Americans much more wary, at least for a time, of having a forceful foreign policy.
Congress reduced the voting age to 18 and converted the military to an all volunteer force. The War efforts required large investments and thus curtailed the funds available for social reforms and development, so the war put reforms on hold and increased inflation. Citizens became distrustful of the government and questioned the policy of interfering with other countries. This also ensured that the US refrained from interfering into other countries' affairs for the next few years.
In Vietnam, millions of people became refugees and hundreds of thousands died. The extensive use of chemical warfare by the US led to permanent damage to hundreds of thousands of people. Vietnam is still suffering from the aftermath of the war.
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