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What are the causes and effects of Gandhi's Independence Movement in India?What are the...

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lulu603 | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted January 12, 2010 at 11:38 AM via web

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What are the causes and effects of Gandhi's Independence Movement in India?

What are the causes and effects of Gandhi's Independence Movement in India?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted January 12, 2010 at 11:43 AM (Answer #2)

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The major cause of Gandhi's independence movement in India was the fact that the British had colonized India and were ruling it for the benefit of Britain rather than for the benefit of the Indians.  (They also tended to keep essentially all the top jobs in the government for British only, regardless of the qualifications of Indians.)  British rule grew more and more annoying to Indians over the years, especially as more of them became educated.

The major effect of Gandhi's movement, of course, was that India won its independence in 1947.  I suppose that you could say that a secondary impact was the partition of India and Pakistan that occurred in that same year.  The independence movement had been largely separated along religious lines and that helped cause a strong desire among Muslims to have their own country.

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sciencehour | College Teacher | eNoter

Posted January 12, 2010 at 12:40 PM (Answer #3)

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The most effective campaigns, supported by Congress and led by Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1884)the lawyer became leader, were based on the principle of passive action (non violence).

The main tactic was disobedience to authority, but without physical opposition, for example, demonstrators were refusing to move, but they were not struggling when they were dispersed by force. This tactic was so effective that it is often used by demonstrators around the world.The situation is complicating due to frequent suspicions between Hindus and Muslims, which they committed serious acts of violence in the 1920s. These 2 communities have lived in many parts of British India, but  Hindus were mostly everywhere except the north-west and north-east. In 1930 some Muslims have asked,  after gaining independence, that these areas to form a separate Muslim state. This antagonism was partly promoted by British policy and was intensified by political arrangements, within which Hindus and Muslims were always represented separately. This was continued in 1935 in the Government of Indian Act, which granted self-government rights for Indians. Indian National Congress has refused any concessions in front of the Muslim League, the main representative of the Islamic community, the gap between the two communities gradually deepening more.

During the Second World War Britain was prepared to recognize the independence of India, with the condition that the Indians to cooperate with the British against the Japanese, but the Indians wanted immediate freedom. Congress launched a liberation movement of India which was suppressed, but a more radical leader, Subhas Chandra Bose, has organized an Indian National Army (formed in most of Indians, former prisoners of the Japanese) who fought against British soldiers.

After the war, to Britain would have been hard to deny the independence of India, but the general elections of 1945 have solved this problem because the new British Labor government has promised the withdrawal. In fact, the British, concerned about their country devastated by the war, were eager to leave. In 1946, most Muslims voted for the league, therefore,intercommunal violence broke out. Congress, faced with two alternatives of civil war or territorial division, has reluctantly adopted the second. This had violent consequences, with many victims, and nearly two million people among minorities have emigrated to be with those of the same religion.

On the night of 14-15 August 1947, India and Pakistan became independent. Both had chosen to remain in the British Commonwealth, as it was now called the old empire, and in Britain was talking about its future role as the association between free and independent nations.

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krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted January 12, 2010 at 5:44 PM (Answer #4)

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The most obvious and apparent reason for Mahatma Gandhi's Independence movement in India was colonization of India by the British. The British rule in India was highly unjust and unfair to the Indian population, which not only hurt their economic interest but also systematically destroyed their culture and heaped insults on them. British practiced a system of apartheid which hurt the pride of Indians very badly. However, the event that really precipitated Mahatma Gandhi's resolve to end British Dominance in India, occurred not in India, but in South Africa.

While, Mahatma Gandhi was travelling in a first class compartment in a train in South Africa with a perfectly valid ticket, on complaint by fellow British travellers he was asked by a ticket checker to vacate his seat and move to a lower class on the grounds that he was not white. When Mahatma Gandhi protested and refused to oblige the ticket checker, pointing out that he was fully entitled to travel in first class as per prevailing rules, he was insulted and forcibly thrown out of the train.

Exactly what emotions, his incident stirred in the heart of Mahatma Gandhi, and exactly what resolves he made that eventful night, while lying for the whole night on a lonely railway platform after being thrown out of the train, we do not know. What we do know that, following this incident, Mahatma Gandhi took up a campaign of peaceful resistance against the British, first in South Africa and later in India. This movement gave Indians a means to defy the British in a way that was less threatening to the British, and therefore did not elicit very strong punishment from them. But this did enable Indians to regain some of their lost pride and united them behind Mahatma Gandhi. This unity gave the power to to the independence movement in India to finally end British rule in India.

I do not know, if it was a part of Initial plan of Mahatma Gandhi, that he might have planned that night when thrown out of the train, but the chain of event that started after that, did lead finally to complete demolition of the British Empire, that was the biggest ever empire in History, and over which sun was never supposed to set.

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted January 13, 2010 at 6:15 PM (Answer #5)

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The implications of this question are fairly profound.  I would submit that the primary cause of Gandhi's Independence Movement was the British Colonial rule over India and formulating an effective response to it.  The most obvious effect of this would be the removal of the British, who recognized that after World War II, holding on to their colonial empire would be nearly impossible.  It is at this point where much here becomes complex.  As Gandhi kept most of India together during the anti- British phase of his movement, he had a considerably more difficult time maintaining this cohesion when the British were ultimately removed.  It might be that another one of the effects of the Gandhian movement was to unleash a great deal of tensions between the divergent groups which found common ground in a common hatred of British Rule.  Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs amongst others had an easier time finding unity under Gandhi's rallying cry of British injustice.  These tensions which might have been subterranean acquired a great deal of power and traction when Gandhi's cause had been accomplished.

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litteacher8 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted August 20, 2011 at 6:20 AM (Answer #6)

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India was a colony of England for longer than some of its other colonies. The British were not just figureheads. They imposed their rule on the country and ignored the people's wishes, culture and religion. Ghandi attempted to oust them without violence.
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engirl1234 | Student, Grade 8 | eNoter

Posted November 15, 2013 at 12:31 PM (Answer #7)

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The major cause of Gandhi's independence movement in India was the fact that the British had colonized India and were ruling it for the benefit of Britain rather than for the benefit of the Indians.  (They also tended to keep essentially all the top jobs in the government for British only, regardless of the qualifications of Indians.)  British rule grew more and more annoying to Indians over the years, especially as more of them became educated.

The most obvious and apparent reason for Mahatma Gandhi's Independence movement in India was colonization of India by the British. The British rule in India was highly unjust and unfair to the Indian population, which not only hurt their economic interest but also systematically destroyed their culture and heaped insults on them. British practiced a system of apartheid which hurt the pride of Indians very badly. However, the event that really precipitated Mahatma Gandhi's resolve to end British Dominance in India, occurred not in India, but in South Africa.

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engirl1234 | Student, Grade 8 | eNoter

Posted November 15, 2013 at 1:39 PM (Answer #8)

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The major cause of Gandhi's independence movement in India was the fact that the British had colonized India and were ruling it for the benefit of Britain rather than for the benefit of the Indians.  (They also tended to keep essentially all the top jobs in the government for British only, regardless of the qualifications of Indians.)  British rule grew more and more annoying to Indians over the years, especially as more of them became educate.

The most obvious and apparent reason for Mahatma Gandhi's Independence movement in India was colonization of India by the British. The British rule in India was highly unjust and unfair to the Indian population, which not only hurt their economic interest but also systematically destroyed their culture and heaped insults on them. British practiced a system of apartheid which hurt the pride of Indians very badly. However, the event that really precipitated Mahatma Gandhi's resolve to end British Dominance in India, occurred not in India, but in South Africa.

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Wiggin42 | TA , Grade 11 | Valedictorian

Posted June 29, 2014 at 8:59 PM (Answer #9)

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Gandhi’s non violence movement is the major reason that India got independence. Because of the movement Indians united. As a result after  the  Independence all the states are united to become a country. This wouldn’t be  possible without Ghandhiji’s movement. Also religious tolerance increased among people.Other social issues were also faced downside.

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