In language testing, what is a "broken sentence" item and an addition item?
Please explain it to me with examples.
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"Broken sentence" items and addition items are categories of kinds of questions in language assessment tests. Some other categories of kinds of questions are multiple-choice, pairing and matching, transformation, completion, rearrangement, error-recognition, and combination.
Addition is a variation of combining. Combining tests to see if clauses or phrases can be grammatically joined together by the language student. For example, does "...because it shattered" or "which the doctor sent" combine with the matrix sentence "I ate the apple,___"? The correct combination is "I ate the apple, which the doctor sent."
So called broken sentences are complete sentences that are arbitrarily cut off. They test recognition of correct sentence structure. For example, what is the correct unification of the broken sentence "Johnny ran to ____"? Is it "the riverbank", "down the plank" or "speed the boat"? The correct unification of the broken sentence is "Johnny ran to the riverbank."
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