In "Brave New World," what is the Bokanovsky Process?
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In the world of the novel, the Bokanovsky Process is a method of human reproduction in which a fertilized egg is split into identical genetic copies. Using this method, one egg can be split as many as 96 embryos. This process is applied only to Gamma, Delta, and Epsilon classes, however, in order to create a large working class. A factory could be completely staffed from the reproduction of just one egg.
Standard men and women; in uniform batches. The whole of a small factory staffed with the products of a single bokanovskified egg.
"Ninety-six identical twins working ninety-six identical machines!" The voice was almost tremulous with enthusiasm. "You really know where you are. For the first time in history." He quoted the planetary motto. "Community, Identity, Stability." Grand words. "If we could bokanovskify indefinitely the whole problem would be solved."
Solved by standard Gammas, unvarying Deltas, uniform Epsilons. Millions of identical twins. The principle of mass production at last applied to biology.
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In addition to the actual process that produces many human beings at a time in measured amounts according to intelligence, there is an underlying subversion at work. For, the Bokavonsky Process transforms the social order from individuals in various roles to a group of programmed humanoids. "Everyone belongs to everyone" in this system, and no one belongs to anyone because there are no family units to overcome.
Also, with the elimination of the traditional family, there is the elimination of the authority of the paternal and maternal participants of this family unit, thereby imposing much more easily the order of the state over the individual. The state, therefore, has complete control over the lives of its participants as it provides the burgeoning citizens with what to believe about the world, and how to act in it. True emotions, cultivated in the nurturing atmosphere of family, are virtually eliminated, as well.
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