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What are the basic principles of fascism?

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rahmatahir | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted July 3, 2012 at 4:23 PM via web

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What are the basic principles of fascism?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted July 3, 2012 at 4:39 PM (Answer #1)

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The basic principles of fascism are nationalism and complete state control of the society.

The basic idea of fascism is that there is strength in unity.  When all the people in a society have the same ideas and the same values, the society will be stronger than a society in which there is a diversity of opinions and values.  Therefore, the principle of nationalism is important.  Nationalism serves as a way to bind people together, encouraging them to all pull in one direction.  The state control pushes this trend farther.  The state forces the people (as much as possible) to hold to the same beliefs and values and ways of action.  This is, for example, why the Nazis had both a secret police (to punish those who had "wrong" thoughts) and youth organizations (to instill "right" thoughts in everyone).

Thus, the major principle of fascism is to use nationalism and complete governmental authority to create a solidly united society.

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shizza123 | Student, Grade 10 | Valedictorian

Posted July 4, 2012 at 12:31 AM (Answer #2)

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Basic beliefs:

*superiority: everyone else is inferior to them.

*using scapegoats (common enemy) to bring a commuty together, so bringing them together on the basis of hatred. 

*usually dictatorship (one sole authoritarian)

 

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