what is the balanced dissociation equation for HCl? what is the compound name of formula?

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jerichorayel | College Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

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HCl is an ionic compound that dissociates itself upon its addition to the solvent to form a solution. When it is in the solution it forms ions.

 

HCl  + H2O ---> H3O+  + Cl-

HCl forms hydronium ions (H3O+) and Chloride ions (Cl-)

some books simply show the dissociation as

HCl --> H+  + Cl-

**they omit the water in the equation.

 

The compound HCl has several names:

Hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid gas

Hydrochloride

But its IUPAC official name is

Hydrogen Chloride 

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