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Daniel Defoe's innovative novel about a castaway on a Caribbean island, Robinson Crusoe, was probably based on a real-life castaway, Alexander Selkirk, who was stranded for four years on the island of Mas a Tierra (later, Robinson Crusoe Island) in the Pacific Ocean. Defoe had probably also read Hayy ibn Yqdhan by Ibn Tufail, a novel with a deserted island as its setting. Another possibility is "An Historical Account of the Island Ceylon," written by Robert Knox, who was taken prisoner in 1659 by the King of Ceylon. The island on which Crusoe is stranded was probably based on Tobago, near the island of Trinidad off Venezuela.
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