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What is the answer for question 7) ? http://postimg.org/image/qfwflx4j1/

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lkballer24 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted August 3, 2013 at 7:10 PM via web

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What is the answer for question 7) ?

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embizze | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted August 4, 2013 at 4:36 AM (Answer #1)

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You will need to plot the data points.

The equation will be of the form y=asin(kt-c)+d. I will start from the form y=asin(b(x-h))+d.

a: a is the amplitude. The amplitude can be found by `a=("max"-"min")/2`
Using the largest data point as an estimate for the maximum and the smallest as an estinate for the minimum we get `a=(32.9-21.1)/2=5.9`

b: Is correlated with the period; `b=(2pi)/p` for the sine function. Since the period is 24 we have `b=(2pi)/24=pi/12` .

d: d is the vertical translation. The midline is `y=("max"+"min")/2` so here we have `y=(32.9+21.1)/2=27` as the midline. This represents a vertical translation up 27 units from the parent function.

h: h is the horizontal translation or phase shift. Since the sine curve starts at the midline and then increases, we look at the graph and estimate that this occurs at approximately 9:30 in the morning. So the parent curve has been shifted right 9.5 units.

So a=5.9, `b=pi/12` , h=9.5, and d=27. We have `y=5.9sin(pi/12(x-9.5))+27`

In the form y=asin(kx-c)+d we have:

y=5.9sin(.262x-2.487)+27

** My calculator gives a regression of

y=5.97141sin(.261x-2.4685)+27.016; so we have a good approximation **

The graph:

(1) What is the temperature at 4:30pm? We substitute x=16.5 into the equation:

`y=5.9sin(.262(16.5)-2.487)+27~~32.6937` so the temperature will be approximately `32.7^@`

(2) When will the temperature be `30^@` ? Substitute 30 for y:

`30=5.9sin(.262x-2.487)+27`

5.9sin(.262x-2.487)=3

sin(.262x-2.487)=.50847  Take the inverse sin of both sides

.262x-2.487=.5334 or 2.6082 (using radian mode)

.262x-2.487=.5334 ==> .262x=3.0204==> x=11.528

.262x-2.487=2.6082 ==> .262x=5.0952==> x=19.447

So the temperature will be 30 degrees Celsius at approximately 11:30 am and 7:26pm

 

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