# What are all the key signatures and how many sharps or flats are in them? Example: G# is one sharp. I don't know the others. Please help!

Lorraine Caplan | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Sharps:

The first key is the key of C - no sharps and no flats.

Second is the key of G - one sharp - F

Third is the key of D - two sharps - D and F

Fourth is the key of A -three sharps - C, F, and G

Fifth is the key of E - four sharps - C, D, F, and G

Sixth is the key of B - five sharps -  A, C, D, F, and G

Seventh is the key of F  - six sharps, - A, C, D, E, F, and G

Eighth is the key of C - seven sharps - A, B, C, D, E, F, and G

Next come the flats:

First is the key of C - no sharps, no flats

Second is the key of F - one flat - B

Third is the key of B flat - two flats - B and E

Fourth is the key of E flat - three flats - A, B, and E

Fifth is the key of A flat - four flats - A, B, D, and E

Sixth is the key of D flat - five flats - G, A, B, D, and E

Seventh is the key of G flat -six flats - G, A, B, C, D, and E

Eighth is the key of C flat-seven flats- A, B, C, D, E, F, and G

Those are all the major keys.  Notice the pattern of whole-steps and half-steps for each major key.  The pattern is the same for each key.

hanahggirl | Elementary School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

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This simple and easy to read chart can be found at http://www.guitarbuzz.com/page27/files/circle-of-5ths.png

You can easily memorize this chart: It starts on  the top with C and goes clockwise by fourths. BEADG on the right side is natural, then on the 9-oclock side they are all flats. Only one sharp on the bottom is F#. Easy breazy!

Good luck :-)

mrs-p | Middle School Teacher | eNotes Newbie

Posted on

Flats  Keys:

One flat is Bb, key being F you just have to remember that. All other keys are the flat before. exp. 2 BE- key Bb

1. B-key/ F,  2. BE-key Bb, 3. BEA-key Eb, 4. BEAD-key Ab, 5. BEADG-key Db

Sharps Keys:

The key is the line or space above the last shape#

1. F#-key G, 2. F#C#-Key D, 3. F#C#G#-key A, 4.F#C#G#D#-key E, 5. F#C#G#D#A#-key B