What advice does Thoreau offer to his fellows about ownership of the property and those who live in poverty?
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Thoreau suggests that those who own land should sell it. Having the responsibility of ownership actually takes time, money and energy. Those without land/property can do pretty much as he pleases. He has a certain freedom that all men long for.
Those who live in poverty are really the richest of all. We don't need to own a farm to truly enjoy the nature around us. That much is free. Thoreau finds freedom in simplicity.
His famous quote from Walden is
"I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived."
He did not need possessions to enjoy nature and learn from it. So money and property are not necessary to sustain life.
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