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i want to know a line types of organization!!!!
Organizations structure in business enterprises and other establishment may have two basic types of relationships between different members of the organization. These are line organization and staff organization. In line organization, a members of the organization is related to other member in a direct boss-subordinate relationships. For example, a chief executive officer may have several vice-presidents in-charge of the different functions such as production, marketing, and R&D. Each of these vice-presidents may have other managers reporting to them. In this type of organization the boss has direct authority to plan, supervise, and control the activities of his subordinates. Similarly the subordinates take instruction and guidance from their direct boss.
In staff organization, a member of the organization works in a supportive role without existence of direct authority of boss-subordinate relationship. For example, an HRD manager may assist a person in other departments such as production in matters related to human resources, although such person is neither his boss or subordinate.
In line type of orgaanization it is easier for a senior person to have his ideas and instructions accepted by the subordinates. This also means tha there is greater degree of control by the managers.
Line Organisation. This is the oldest as well as the most common type of organisation. It i still used by many concerns especially the small ones. It is also known as the “Military System” as this type of organisation is usually found in the army. The characteristic feature of this type is that line of authority flows verticallty form the top most executive to the lowest subordinate throughout the entire organisational structure. The authority is greatest at the top and reduces through each successive level down the organisational scale. A variation of the pure line organisation is the departmental line organisation, under which the business enterprise is divided into several departments and the authority flows downward from the General Manger through the departmental managers to the lower subordinates. The departmental heads are independent of each other and enjoy equal status.
The main advantages are of specialisation, decisions of quality, and prospects for advancement of the efficient personnel in the organisation. Its main disadvantages are the confusion and conflict between line and staff, ignoring staff advice by line managers, lack of responsibility on the part of staff personnel, and it being expensive.
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