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Jem and Scout learned, sadly, that juries do not always vote their conscience. Jem talks later about abolishing juries, but also wonders why honest people like Miss Maudie doesn't serve on them. They discover after the trial that the lone holdout was a Cunningham--one of the men who had come to lynch Tom only nights before. It made them realize that men can change virtually overnight. They also saw that not everyone in the town was against Tom and Atticus. The editorial by B. B. Underwood, who, according to Atticus, "despises Negroes," strongly defended Tom (just as he had defended Tom and Atticus from the lynch mob at the jail). They also came to understand, through Miss Maudie's little speech, that Atticus was a special man who "was born to do our unpleasant jobs for us." Maudie also explained that the trial had been "a baby step" toward justice for the black man.
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