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By the Constitution, the Executive Department is established to grant powers and impose duties upon the Office of the President.
The powers granted to the Office of the President includes the title of Commander in Chief, thereby making the president the civilian and supreme leader of the armed forces. The president is given the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, fill Senate vacancies, create Executive Departments (cabinet positions), conclude treaties, and appoint ambassadors and Supreme Court Judges and other "public ministers and councils."
And that's all the power the Office of the President is supposed to have.
For duties, the president is required to deliver an annual message to Congress (State of the Union Address), receive, not receive, or deport ambassadors of foreign countries, commission officers in the armed forces, and finally, and most importantly, to execute the law.
The president is the most powerful public official in the U.S. The U.S. Constitution is the basis of the president's power. The President's main job is to execute the laws passed by Congress. The Constitution also gives the president the power to:
- veto bills passed in Congress
- call Congress into special session.
- serve as commander in chief of the armed forces.
- receive leaders and other officials of foreign countries.
- make treaties with other countries (with Senate approval)
- appoint heads of executive agencies, federal court judges, ambassadors, and other top government officials (also subject to Senate approval)
- pardon or reduce the penalties against people convicted of federal crimes.
Because the Constitution requires the president to give Congress information about the "state of the union," the president gives several speeches to Congress each year.
The nation's chief executive, the president, is the head of the executive branch. The president is the director of the federal government. He promises to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution. He is the Commander and Chief of the Armed Forces of the USA. The executive branch of the Government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land.
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