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This is a fairly sensitive issue and will not have a reductive and easy answer. There are some fundamental issues that need to be addressed here. Some of them are in the context of Roy's novel and some are outside of it. The basic answer is that that are social, cultural, and/ or legal barriers that prevent anyone from loving anyone for whom they care. That being said, Roy is making the argument that there are some types of passions that lie outside the domain of social, cultural, and even legal mores and practices. These fundamentally powerful expressions of love and desire are kept in check to a great extent by these forces. Yet, there are some points, as with Rahel and Estha, where this has to be expressed. Roy's argument is that in these cases, the barriers that seek to divide and separate do not fully understand the intensity and purity of such a love. Upon reading the novel, one can determine for themselves if Roy is accurate in her claim. I would say that while Roy presents a compelling case, I think that there has to be some level of adherence to these barriers in order to prevent this desire from entering realms where there is a greater chance of hurt and emotional damage than anything else. The discussion of incest or hopeless love might fall into this category. I would say that there is little progressive or redemptive opportunity for an incestuous or hopeless love to prosper, if acted upon. In these situations, it might be best to heed the social, cultural, and/ or legal positions that forbid. This might appear rather prudish, but I think that it is conceived out of a position to minimize pain. Along these lines, if such behavior was sanctioned, then I think that it can lay the groundwork for actions that can be manipulated into being "profound" expressions of love, but actually be self- serving and ones that seek to take advantage of another. A good example of this would be the Orangdrink Lemondrink Man at the Abhilash Talkies theater who sexually abuses Estha. This is a situation that could very well be justified as "passionate," but is really conceived out of a self serving desire to control one person for the selfish benefit of another. While there is a risk of forbidding passionate love, I think that the adherence to some examples of cultural and social mores and all legal ones helps to protect individuals from situations upon which they can be prey or from which they can prey on others. I think that in this light, I would say that we are not allowed to love anyone for whom we care in a light that would be deemed as unacceptable.
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