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The text describes him as dark and swarthy; when Mr. Earnshaw brings him home in chapter 4 he calls him "as dark as if he belonged to the devil," and his wife describes him as a "gypsy brat." We are told that he has black hair and eyes, and it seems implied that he might have a gypsy background, which would give him an alien and non-european racial origin. It would not be inconsistent with the novel to suppose that he had African ancestry as well. However, Heathcliff is a fictional character, so we cannot find out any more about him than the author tells us, and the author says nothing which would imply that he was partly black or had an African origin, in particular, rather than being merely dark and swarthy. In chapter 3 the adult Heathcliff is described as "white as the wall behind him" from fright. If he could blanche white from fear it is probable that he had a comparitively light complexion, and was only considered dark in comparison to most English.
The novel describes him as dark and emily's vision too as she wants to express different points in context to that era, society, and love.
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