If the U.S. population is 305.5 Million and each person was to receive an equal portion of $319 Billion, how much money would each person get?

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US population is 305,500,000. Money is 319,000,000,000. When numbers get this big it's helpful to use scientific notation, so population is 3.055 * 10^8, and money is 3.19 * 10^11. Then we can forget about exponents for the moment, and

1) 3.19 / 3.055 = 1.044

To divide exponents, just subtract, so

2) 10^11 - 10^8 = 10^3

So each person would get 1.044 * 10^3 dollars, or $1044.

Put all the values into index form

305.5 million= 305.5*10^6= 3.055*10^8

319 Billion= 319*10^9= 3.19*10^11

Divide both indexes.

3.19*10^11/ 3.055*10^8 = 1.044*10^3 dollars each= $1044

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