The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is an example of what type of government entity?
a. An Independent Executive Agency
b. An Independent Regulatory Commission
c. A Cabinet Department
d. A Government Corporation
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The correct answer to this is A. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an example of an independent executive agency.
Independent executive agencies are not cabinet departments (though the Administrator of the EPA is given cabinet-level status) and they are not simply parts of cabinet departments. They are generally created in order to give the president more direct control over them and/or to signify how important a given policy area is. By creating the EPA as an independent executive agency, the government sent a message that the environment is very important. This message would be less clearly sent if EPA's functions were simply carried out by some bureau within the Department of the Interior.
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