True or False: The Human Relations Movement, which emphasized the importance of the human element in job design, was replaced by the more technical aspects of Scientific Management.  



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This statement is false.  It gets the time sequence backwards.  The Human Relations Movement (HRM) was not replaced by Scientific Management.  Instead, the HRM came after Scientific Management and was something of a reaction to the earlier system.

Scientific Management is associated with the late 1800s and the early part of the 1900s.  It was pioneered by Frederick Taylor and was therefore also known as “Taylorism.”  Scientific Management focused on time and motion studies.  It tried to look at the technical aspects of how a workplace was set up and how a job was done.  By stripping out inefficient movements, it hoped to increase productivity.

HRM is generally said to have started with experiments conducted by Elton Mayo of the Harvard Business School.  Mayo wanted to determine the impact of various human elements on the rate of work.  In other words, he was looking not just at the technical details (like Scientific Management was) but at the way in which human factors affected productivity.

This means that the statement given in this question is false.  HRM came after Scientific Management and therefore could not have been replaced by that system.


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