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A type of bacteria has an exponential grow rate at 70% every hour, what is the number...

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sodelete | Student, College Freshman | eNoter

Posted January 30, 2011 at 2:06 AM via web

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A type of bacteria has an exponential grow rate at 70% every hour, what is the number of bacteria after 10 hr, 1 day and 3 days.

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted January 30, 2011 at 2:14 AM (Answer #1)

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We'll write the relation that allows to determine the population of bacteria, at specific time.

Population = Initial Population*(1+growth percentage)^time period in hours.

In this case, we'll have:

Population = 5*(1+70/100)^n

Population = 5*[(100+70)/100]^n

Population = 5*(1.7)^n

We'll calculate the population in 10 hours:

Population = 5*(1.7)^10

Population = 5*201.5993900449

We'll calculate the population in 1 day = 24 hours:

Population = 5*(1.7)^24

We'll calculate the population in 3 days = 3*24 hours:

Population = 5*(1.7)^72

Population(10 hours) = 5*(1.7)^10

Population(1 day) = 5*(1.7)^24

Population (3days) = 5*(1.7)^72

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted January 30, 2011 at 2:22 AM (Answer #2)

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The bacteria have an exponential growth rate of 70%. The formula for the exponential growth rate can be given by x (t) = a*b^ (t/T), where a is the initial number of bacteria, b is the increase in time T.

Here we have the initial number as 5. The population of bacteria increases by 0.7 in an hour.

Therefore in

10 hours, the number of bacteria is 5*(1.7)^(10/1)

=> 5*(1.7)^10

=> 1007 bacteria.

In 1 day:

=> 5* (1.7) ^24

=> 1697243

In 3 days:

=> 5*(1.7)^72

=> 1.955* 10^17

Therefore the number of bacteria in 1 hr, 1 day and 3 days are:

1007, 1697243 and 1.955* 10^17 resp.

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neela | High School Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted January 30, 2011 at 2:35 AM (Answer #3)

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Initial population of bacteria = 5.

The rate of growth of population of bacteria = 70% per hour.

Therefore in 10 hours the population of 5 bacteria becomes 5*1.7^10 = 1008.

The population of bacteria in after one day (=24 hours) = 5*1.7^24 = 1697243.

The population of bacteria after 3 days (= 72 hours) = 1.9557*10^17 nearly.

Population of bacteria after 10 hours is 1008, after 24 hours 1697243 and after 3 days  1.9557*10^17(approx) respectively.

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