Three cards are drawn randomly and sequentially from a deck of ordinary playing cards (52 cards). What is the probability that at least one is a spade and one is an ace?

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Assuming non-replacement of a drawn card, to be successful in drawing at least one spade and one ace, you must either:

1. Get one of the 12 non-ace spades, one of the 3 non-spade aces and any of the remaining 50 cards.

There are 12*3*50 or 1800 ways to do this.

2. Get the ace of spades, any of the other 51 cards and again, any of the remaining 50 cards.

There are 1*51*50 or, 2550 ways to do this.

So, there are (1800+2550)=4350 ways to be successful.

For calculating the sample space, find all the combinations of 3 cards from the 52 card deck.

This is 52C3 or, 88400.

Therefore, the probability drawing at least one spade and one ace, in three sequential draws is, 4350/88400=0.0492

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