Are there any quotes in To Kill a Mockingbird proving that Calpurnia is a mother figure to Scout and Jem?Hi. I have an essay coming up and would really like to know all available text proving the...

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Calpurnia serves as a surrogate mother to Atticus's children throughout To Kill a Mockingbird. Scout describes her in the first chapter, and there is no doubt that she rules the household with an iron hand.

... her hand was as wide as a bed slat and twice as hard... Our battles were epic and one-sided. Calpurnia always won, mainly because Atticus always took her side... and I had felt her tyrannical presence as long as I could remember.  (Chapter 1)

She teaches and disciplines the children with Atticus's blessings--"you mind her, you hear?" Cal has taught Scout to write cursive, and she admonishes them when necessary about etiquette and good behavior, such as when she leads Scout from the dining room after her impolite remarks toward Walter Cunningham Jr. Atticus's dependence upon her is best seen when he is forced to defend Cal against Alexandra's desire to have her fired. Atticus is proud of the way Cal has brought up his kids, and he has no plans to get rid of this "faithful member of this family."

"... I don't think the children've suffered one bit from her having brought them up. If anything, she's been harder on them in some ways than a mother would have been... she's never let them get away with anything, and she's never indulged them... and another thing, the children love her."  (Chapter 14)


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