Homework Help

In term of ions, how are hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid similar? How are they...

user profile pic

user707 | eNoter

Posted January 21, 2013 at 12:35 PM via web

dislike 1 like

In term of ions, how are hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid similar? How are they different?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

jerichorayel | College Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted January 21, 2013 at 1:59 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

Hydrochloric acid, `HCl`

` `

Sulfuric acid, `H2SO4`

In the solution of water, both of them will form ions. The chemical equation for ionization can be written as:

`HCl (aq) -> H^(+) (aq)+Cl^(-) (aq)`

`H2SO4 (aq) -> 2H^(+) (aq) + SO4^(-2) (aq)`

 

Interms of ions, they both produce hydronium ions which accounts for the acidity; they are both strong acids.

They differ on how many `H^(+)` ions can be produce in one mole of each acid. HCl produces one `H^(+)` while H2SO4  has 2 of them.

  

``

Sources:

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes