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What are some types of chemotherapy (noting the types of cancers which are treated by...

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nirmita | Student, Grade 10 | Honors

Posted June 20, 2012 at 6:58 AM via web

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What are some types of chemotherapy (noting the types of cancers which are treated by it)?

 

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literaturenerd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted June 20, 2012 at 8:26 PM (Answer #1)

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There are many different types of chemotherapy drugs. They are categorized by how they work and their chemical makeup. The drugs are also defined on their effect on cancer cells and the stage of the cancer cells. 

Alkylating agents

These drugs are given in order to stop the cancers cells from dividing and/or reproducing. The types of cancer treated by these drugs areas follows: lung cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, different types of leukemia and lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, multiple myeloma, and sarcoma.

Antimetabolites

These drugs only affect cancer cells at a specific phase (the S phase). These drugs are commonly used to treat breast cancer, intestinal cancer, ovarian cancer, and different types of leukemia.

Anthracyclines

Like Alkylating drugs, this drug can treat cancer at any stage. These drugs are used to treat many most cancers.

Topoisonmerase Inhibitors

These drugs are intended to try to copy healthy DNA strands.They are used to treat ovarian cancer, lung cancer, gastrointestinal cancers, and different types of leukemia. 

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