Summarize how Greek Mythology explained the seasons. What is the story behind it?


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Posted on (Answer #1)

Of the many explanations of natural phenomena, the Greek myth  of Demeter and Persephone goes very far in explaining the seasonal change.  Demeter, goddess of the hearth and home, was devoted to her daughter, Persephone.  One day, when Persephone was picking flowers in a meadow, she plucked the Narcissus flower.  After picking this particular flower of the underworld, a chasm opened and Hades, god of the underworld who coveted the girl for his bride, appeared and kidnapped the young goddess and took her to the underworld.  Demeter mourned the loss of her daughter and wandered the earth, during which time no crops grew, and famine befell everyone.  Zeus, the king of the Gods, understood that he was in a no-win position, as offending Hades was out of the question and Demeter's disrespect was causing mounting trouble for his devotees.  Zeus decreed that Hades must surrender his bride, unless she agreed to the abduction.  When Hades gave her the fateful pomegranate, it "was adequate to ensure that henceforth Persephone divided her time equally between her husband and her mother."  The six months of the year when there is good weather, Persephone is with her mother Demeter.  This is the time when the harvest grows and the sun is in full light.  When Persephone is with her husband, the earth is cold and barren, indicating the time in which mother awaits for daughter.

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