What arguments does Macbeth make in his soliloquy in Act 1, scene 7 against the murder of Duncan in Macbeth?
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Macbeth tries to talk himself into killing Duncan, but he does not want to because Duncan has promoted him, because they are kinsman, and because Duncan is his guest.
Macbeth is concerned about killing Duncan because he is his kinsman and his subject. He should be loyal to Duncan, not murder him.
He's here in double trust:
First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,
Strong both against the deed (Act 1, scene 7)
Macbeth notes that he is also Duncan’s host, and it is his responsibility to “shut the door” against his murderer, not murder him himself.
Macbeth also notes that Duncan is a good king, and does not deserve death.
Besides, this Duncan
Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been
Will plead like angels trumpet-tongued against
The deep damnation of his taking-off (Act 1, scene 7)
Duncan has done nothing to cause Macbeth to kill him. He has been a loyal subject to the king, and there is no reason for the king to suspect otherwise. It is only Macbeth’s ambition that causes him to murder Duncan. His ambition, and his wife’s prodding.
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