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State three examples each of acids, bases, and salts commonly used in therapeutic...

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State three examples each of acids, bases, and salts commonly used in therapeutic processes.

From the examples you state, select one acid, one base, and one salt and describe how and where they are used in therapeutic processes.

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Acids: Folic acid, mefenamic acid, ascorbic acid - all weak organic acids.

Folic acid is a type of B-vitamin. It helps tissues grow and cells work. Taking the right amount of folic acid before and during pregnancy helps prevent certain birth defects, and anaemia.

Bases: Aluminium hydroxide Al(OH)3, Magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2, Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3.

Al(OH)3 and Mg(OH)2 are used as antacids to neutralise excess acidity in our stomach and to prevent heartburns.

Salts: Silver nitrate AgNO3, Zinc Sulfate ZnSO4, Stannous fluoride [tin(II) fluoride] SnF2.

AgNO3 is used in creams and lotions as a very good germicide and antiseptic.

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Acids: ascorbic acid, , gamma-amino-butyric acid
Alpha-Lipoic Acid--is a powerful antioxidant that regulates gene expression and preserves hearing during cisplatin therapy


Bases: magnesium hydroxide (Milk of magnesia) , sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate (Rolaids)(Bronsted base)

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Salts: sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium fluoride


Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) can be taken internally to neutralize "free radicals," otherwise known as non-essential ionic compounds and play a role in natural metabolism. & treatment for Scurvey

Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acids and can make the urine less acidic. It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and other stomach disorders. It is also used to treat various kidney disorders and to increase the effectiveness of sulfonamides.


Sodium fluoride is used in dental products to fortify hydroxyapatite composing the enamelin found in teeth to prevent cavities.

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