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Being a Southern gentleman, Atticus did not relish his cross-examination of Mayella. He knew she was lying about what actually happened in her house with Tom Robinson, and Atticus must have realized that Bob was the one who had actually beaten his daughter. Somehow, Atticus had to get to the truth of the matter, and that meant trying to disprove all of Mayella's testimony. After Atticus "had a good visit" with Mayella, he got down to business:
Atticus reached up and took off his glasses, turned his good right eye to the witness, and rained questions on her.
His interrogation questioned every aspect of her encounter with Tom, and he even suggested that it was Bob who had beaten her. When Mayella finally broke down for the final time, lambasting everyone in the courtroom as "yellow, stinkin' cowards," Atticus must have realized he had done his best: He had gotten Mayella to contradict her own testimony; shown that she was ignorant and desperately friendless; opened up the possibility that Bob had actually beaten her; and broken Mayella down into a sobbing, insulting mess. But it gave Atticus "no pleasure to do so," browbeating a pitiful young woman as no gentleman ever should be forced to do.
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