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Solve for x : 2 - log 3 2 = log 3 x .

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jolenta | Student, College Freshman | eNoter

Posted October 25, 2010 at 3:57 PM via web

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Solve for x : 2 - log 3 2 = log 3 x .

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william1941 | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted October 25, 2010 at 3:58 PM (Answer #1)

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We have to solve for x: 2 - log 3 2 = log 3 x

Now we use the relation for algorithms that log (a*b) = log a + log b.

2 - log 3 2 = log 3 x

=> 2 = log 3 x + log 3 2

=> 2 = log 3 x*2

now 2 = log 3 3^2 , as log a^b = b log a and log 3 (3) = 1.

=> 3^2 = 2*x

=> x = 3^2 / 2

=> x = 9/2

Therefore x = 9/2.

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted October 25, 2010 at 3:58 PM (Answer #2)

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For the logarithm to exist, x has to be positive.

We'll write 2 as:

2*1 = 2* log 3 3

We'll use the power property of logarithms and the symmetric property:

log 3 (x) = log 3 (3)^2 - log 3 (2)

Because the bases are matching, we'll transform the difference of logarithms from the right side, into a quotient. We'll apply the formula:

lg a - lg b = lg (a/b)

We'll substitute a by 9 and b by 2. The logarithms from formula are decimal logarithms. We notice that the base of logarithm is 3.

log 3 (x) = log 3 (9/2)

Because the bases are matching, we'll apply the one to one property:

x = 9/2

x = 4.5

Since the value of x is positive, the solution of the equation is admissible.

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