How do the soliloquies in Hamlet relate to one another?
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I assume you are referring to all of Hamlet's soliloquies. If so, then the soliloquies in Act 1, sc. 2, Act 2, sc.2, Act 3, sc. 1, and Act 4, sc. 4 are Hamlet's major speeches. They relate in that Hamlet is pondering his woes. In the first one, he is lamenting his father's death and moreover, his mother's marriage to Claudius. In the second one, he is expressing his frustration in himself for only talking about seeking vengeance and not doing anything yet and he says he has to be sure the ghost was telling the truth. It is also here that he says he'll let the play that the players will perform help him determine if Claudius truly is guilty. In the third soliloquy, Hamlet expresses his general sadness and frustration with his life and his lack of action. The last one, in Act 4, Hamlet is still lamenting his lack of action but promises that from this point on, he will be proactive rather than reactive.
Related question and answer topic: which of hamlet's soliloquies is most important?
"To be or not to be,THAT is the question!' I feel this is the most important soliloquy as it expresses Hamlet's dilemma and conveys his internal conflict brilliantly. The theme of existentialism can also be considered here.
i need detail answer of soliloquy to be or not to be?
I vote for "What a piece of work is Man?..."a foul and pestulant congregation of vapors..."
The famous "To be or not to be" soliloquy is typical of Hamlet's character. He can never seem to make up his mind about anything. In this soliloquy he begins by telling himself that death might be better than staying alive, but then he thinks of a reason why living might be preferable to dying. And he leaves the question unresolved. I think the same indesiciveness, the same irresoluteness, could be pointed out in all of his soliloquys. For instance, in the one beginning with "O what a rogue and peasant slave am I," he can't understand why he wants to act and knows he should act but keeps procrastinating. (The audience can't understand why, either.) He wonders whether he is a coward but then assures himself that no one would dare to provoke him.
i appreciate teacher rozenthalm's thorough answer - thorough as a teacher's answer should be - even though he does stretch it a bit when he brings "world's religions" into it... But BARRING THAT what rozenthalm does is ANALYSES A SHAKESPEARIAN CHARACTER "OUT OF CHARACTER"...When Hamlet soliloquys "To Be Or Not To Be", it only addresses one of the fundamental questions of life AS LIFE IS SEEN, JUDGED, EXPERIENCED AT THIS MOMENT IN TIME BY HAMLET IN HAMLET'S LIFE... MUST I LIVE OUT THIS UNBEARABLE LIFE OR END IT IS THE DILEMMA OF A YOUNG STUDENT, TAUGHT BY HIS TEACHERS TO BE TIDY, NEAT & CLEAN, ORGANISED, HONEST, SCHOLARLY, TRUTHFUL, AND SO ON , ALL PERFECT VIRTUES IN A THEORETICAL WORLD ...BUT WHO HAS TO NOW SUDDENLY CONFRONT THE MESSINESS, COMPLEXITY,TREACHERY, BETRAYAL AND DECEIT OF LIFE THAT HIS SCHOLARLY TEACHERS HAVE NOT QUITE TAUGHT HIM TO COPE WITH ..no wonder he is here contemplating death...his own ! it is therefore , not a fundamental human problem ...only a specific problem of a specific individual type...if we understood that we would realise that Macbeth's quotes will not make murderer's of us all, nor Lear's failed fathers, nor Hamlet's suicidal !
What they all have in common is a juxtaposition between a harsh reality of an immoral world with his idealistic Christian reality. Each of his speeches, in one way or another addresses two different kinds of realities. On the one hand, the ideal world has a set of rules that all obey, and if they do not, they are punished. In reality, people are liars and cheats, and often DO get away with their immoral and dupilitious actions; on the one hand, his Christian upbringing teaches him not to seek revenge, but on the other hand, revenge is what he is told he MUST do, by a father who, himself, is in purgatory due to his own sins; on the one hand, the world is a rotten place, but on the other hand, there is much to love about it. Hamlet is trapped between dual realities that he cannot reconcile.
The main point to discuss is why all soliloquies are linked to one an other. Its main cause is that Hamlet is under heavy deploation because his father is killed and his mother is married to his uncle. The ghost appears and informs what reality is. The central plot is to seek out the enemy and punish him. When ever he tries to take revenge, nature takes sides with the enemy and he goes into deep deperation.
That desperation reflects the state of his mind that's why all soliloquies are about samething. His soliloquies which utter then the soliloquies in Act 1, sc. 2, Act 2, sc.2, Act 3, sc. 1, and Act 4, sc. 4 . All are leading Hamlet to his down fall.
To Be Or Not To Be, is probably the most famous and often quoted soliloquy in Western Literature. It addresses one of the fundamental questions of life: Why must I live when life is so unbearable?
Hamlet’s central problem is that he is not sure what to do. His father has died, his mother, Gertrude, has married his father’s brother, Claudius, and his father’s ghost has revealed that he was murdered by Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle, step-father, and king. Not only is Hamlet depressed, he is also confused. Can he trust the ghost?
To escape his misery and confusion he is contemplating suicide. But he realizes that death might not be an escape from misery. There may be an afterlife which is worse.
Who would fardels (burdens) bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscovered country from whose bourn
No traveller returns, puzzles the will,
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Why must we live if living is full of suffering and confusion? Hamlet’s answer is that it might be the lesser of two evils. We fear death, not only by instinct, but also because we fear that suicide might get us into even more trouble, which is, in most circumstances, what the world’s religions admonish us to remember.
The most famous one of all, and possibly in all of literature, is his "To be, or not to be..." In which he questions many things about his life and surroundings.
In the "To be or not to be" soliloquy, we hear again an echo of Hamlet's desire to kill himself from the soliloquy of "Oh that this too, too solid flesh would melt" in Act One, scene two. In the first act, we learned that Hamlet wanted to die, but that God prohibited such an act.
In Act Three, scene one, Hamlet again speaks of living or die in the "To be or not to be" soliloquy. He believes that if he died, it would be as tranquil as sleeping—which is easily done, without worry or upset. However, the thing that stops Hamlet is the knowledge that no one knows what is on the other side of death. If it was a good thing, Hamlet thinks most people would opt to leave this life for a better one. However, no one can be sure what lies on the other side, and so people continue to put up with terrible lives—to be thrown about by fate or punished at the hands of someone hateful and/or brutal. In this speech, we learn Hamlet is in a very dark place, but fears that death may not be the release he hopes for.
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