Is slang in any way related to the Queen's English?
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Not at all. William Shakespeare had never been a slang to Queen's English. In the beginning of his career he was accused by some people of that time that his background was not of any university and he was unrerestimated by some contemporary of him, later he not only prooved himself as a poet and dramatist but also superceded the rest.
So, in one line, he was never...
Queen's English refers to the English as used in U.K. It refers to the language conforming common accepted standards of usage of this language in that country including the use of words, phrases or grammar.
Slang on the other refers to use of words or phrases that are not considered standard in speakers language or dialect. In this way slang differs from the Queen's English in two different ways. First, slang is deviation from standard version of a language, while slang represents a deviation from a standards. Second, Queens English refers to only English language. In contrast, slang can exist in any standard language.
Plenty of Shakespeare's characters spoke in slang. They were generally the less educated, poor, or dull-witted characters, to be sure. To find them, look at any Shakespearean text and look for the lines which look more like paragraphs than poetry. These are the lines which include more colloquial language, and these passages are in stark contrast to the more conventional characters. That's the beauty of Shakespeare--he writes each characters words in the form of their character and position in life. Where you will not really find slang is his sonnets; in his plays, though, he uses informal or slangy language to enhance his characterization.
Shakespeare invented his own words quite often. He also invented slang words for his characters to say, some of which we still use today. Also, the reason he invented words is the same as new slang words are invented today.
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