What is the setting of Alice In Wonderland by Lewis Carroll?
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Alice's Adventures in Wonderland takes place both in the 'real' world (our world) and the fictional world of Wonderland.
It turns out, however, that Wonderland is actually just a dream world that Alice has discovered whilst sleeping. This explains the 'illogic' found there.
The setting of Alice In Wonderland by Lewis Carroll is an imaginary or dream world. At the opening of the story, Alice, a character based on Alice Liddell, daughter of the renowned classicist Henry Liddell (of Liddell & Scott), is sitting on the bank of a river. She sees a rabbit rushing down a hole, checking his watch and exclaiming that he is late. She falls down the rabbit hole as well and lands in a strange and surrealistic world with a dream logic all its own. At the end of the story, Alice wakes up, and the reader discovers that the world was a dream one:
'Oh, I've had such a curious dream!' said Alice, and she told her sister, as well as she could remember them, all these strange Adventures of hers that you have just been reading about; ...
Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland opens with Alice "beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do." The "bank" almost certainly refers to the edge of a lake on which Carroll's protagonist is resting with her sibling when she is suddenly transposed into an entirely other world, Wonderland. Chasing the White Rabbit down a rabbit hole, Alice finds herself falling down a seemingly endless tunnel, wondering whether and if this falling will ever end, and whether she is descending through the center of the earth. Landing finally on "a heap of sticks and dry leaves," Alice finds herself surrounded by doors, all of which are locked. Finding a "tiny golden key" on a three-legged table, she discovers that the key won't work with any of the locks. She finally discovers a tiny door behind a curtain that she is able to open with the key. As Carroll describes the scene next:
"Alice opened the door and found that it led into a small passage, not much larger than a rat-hole: she knelt down and looked along the passage into the loveliest garden you ever saw."
This is the beginning of Alice's adventures in a world vastly different from her own, and titled in the story's closing passage "Wonderland": "So she sat on, with closed eyes, and half believed herself in Wonderland." Alice has been dreaming of being lost in Wonderland, where she encountered the White Rabbit, the Cheshire Cat, the Queen of Hearts, and all the other characters etched in our collective consciousness by Carroll.
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