- Download PDF
1 Answer | Add Yours
Since Article I is the only Article with 9 sections, and since Article I, Section 9 does include some basic protections of civil liberties, I have edited your question to specify Article I.
This section of the Constitution protects civil liberties in three ways. They are:
- Guarantee of the right to habeas corpus. This ensures the government cannot hold a person indefinitely without charging them with a crime.
- Ban on bills of attainder. These are laws passed by a legislature declaring some person or group of people guilty of a crime. The ban prevented the Congress from doing this, thus bypassing the courts.
- Ban on ex post facto laws. This prevents Congress from making a particular action illegal retrospectively. That way, you can only be convicted of a crime if your act was illegal at the time you did it.
All of these are meant to prevent the government from abusing the rights of the people.
We’ve answered 319,882 questions. We can answer yours, too.Ask a question