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Whitman uses many metaphors and personification in his poetry. In the first part of "Song of Myself", he uses this line:
"Creeds and schools in abeyance,
Retiring back a while sufficed at what they are, but never forgotten,"
This line personifies the creeds and schools. Whitman turns them into living things that may or may not obey.
Section 52 uses personification as well. The section starts with the line:
"The spotted hawk swoops by and accuses me, he complains of my gab
and my loitering."
Here the hawk accuses and complains, both human characteristics.
This section also contains a metaphor (a simile actually) where Whitman compares himself to air.
"I depart as air, I shake my white locks at the runaway sun,
I effuse my flesh in eddies, and drift it in lacy jags."
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