"Saint Antoine" (paragraph below) shows an example of
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A. Synedoche, a sub-species of metaphor, is a figure of speech that substitutes something closely related to the thing actually meant. Thus, the use of the name of the village for its populace becomes such a metaphor.
As such a metaphor,Saint-Antoine assumes a personality that characterizes the residents of this poor village. They watch to see when Madame Defarge takes the rose from her headband, a sign that there is an enemy to the revolutionaries in the wine-shop, the men all known as "Jacques." When Barsad leaves, for instance, she removes this rose after having registered him in her knitting, and the people of Saint-Antoine then filter into the wine-shop, or they step outdoors in the evening as other women knit.
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