In On the Rez, by Ian Frazier, what specific examples that he cites represent a source of pride for Native Americans, besides SuAnne Big Crow, and how did they find pride in the American Indian...

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Frasier gives a number of examples of individuals and situations that represent a source of pride for North American Indigenous Peoples. One of these in Olympic runner, Billy Mills. Mills ran in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and won the Gold medal in the 10,000 meter distance race with a time of 28 minutes and 24.4 seconds. Mills and famous fiction author Nicholas Sparks co-write Wokini: A Lakota Journey to Happiness and Understanding.

Another of these is the earlier Ira Hamilton. Hamilton was one among six who raised the American flag at Iwo Jima during World War II. Hamilton, a Pina tribal member, enlisted early on in U.S. involvement in the war and saw D-Day on Iwo Jima on 15 February 1945. He was one of five Marines and one sailor who performed that immortal act.

Another of these would be the great economic advance made by a number of tribes that own gambling casinos in places like Massachusetts, California and Las Vegas, Nevada. These help to lift the poverty burden that North American Indigenous peoples live under.

The American Indian Movement (AIM) was a catalyst (a spark of activity) to pride for Indigenous peoples of the U.S. for several reasons. One predominant reason is that AIM inspired many assimilated tribes people to acknowledge their heritage and embrace efforts to honor and preserve their cultural traditions. Black Elk Speaks, published in 1932, was a precursor to this later resurgence of a reclaimed ethnic identity.


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