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In his famous "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard," Thomas Gray uses several forms of poetic "sound devices." Here are some examples.
1. Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds.
Line 2: "The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea"
Line 4: "The plowman homeward plods his weary way"
Line 28: "How bow'd the woods beneath their sturdy stroke"
In most places, Gray uses standard, "full" rhyme: day-lea, sight-flight, holds-folds, complain, reign, etc.
Occasionally, though, Gray uses partial rhymes.
Lines 29,31: toil, smile
Lines 30, 32: obscure, poor
Lines 58, 60: withstood, blood
Some of these may indicate that Gray's pronunciation was different than our contemporary pronunciation. In other cases , he may simply be "stretching" his rhymes.
Onomatopoeia: words that imitate a sound (moo, meow, etc.)
I have not been able to find examples of onomatopoeia in Gray's "Elegy." At first, I thought that the words "tolls," "knell," and "lowing," might be onomatopoeic, but the dictionaries I consulted do not seem to agree with this theory.
jmj616 - I've got a book that gives an example of an onomatopoeia it does confirm your idea. "The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea" because the word "lowing" suggests cows mooing.
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