A puddle holds 150 g of water. If 0.5 g of water evaporates from the surface what is the approximate temperature change of the remaining water?

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justaguide's profile pic

justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

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The puddle has 150 g of water. 0.5 g of the water evaporates. The heat of vaporization of water is 2260 kJ/kg or 2.260 kJ/g or 2260 J/g. That is equivalent to saying that each gram of water needs 2260 J of energy to convert from a liquid to a gaseous state.

When 0.5 g of water evaporates it consumes 1130 J of energy.

The specific heat of water is 4.186 J/g. A 1 degree drop of temperature in 1 gram of water requires a reduction of 4.186 J of energy.

Now when 0.5 g of water evaporates, we are left with 149.5 g of water. And the reduction in energy is by 1130 J.

This means a reduction in temperature of 1130/ (149.5*4.186) degree or 1.805 degree Celsius.

The required drop in the temperature of the water left after 0.5 g has evaporated is 1.805 degree Celsius.

neela's profile pic

neela | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

We assume that the latent heat of vaporisation for water is L (2260j/g).

So for the evaporation of 0.5 g of water, the loss of heat energy from the water is 0.5 *L = 2260*0.5 = 1130 J = 1130/4.2 calories = 269.05 calories.

The remaining water after evaporation of 0.5 gram of water = (150-0.5) g = 149.5.

Therefore the reduction in temperature of the remaining water after evaporation of 0.5 gram of water = Heat loss in calories/mass of remaining water = 269.05/149.5 = 1.7996 Celsius = 1.8  degree C approximately.

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